Experts listed in this section have no affiliation with the Cuba Study Group.

Armed Forces Experts

Mr. Stephen Johnson

Stephen Johnson, served as Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Western Hemisphere Affairs. Mr. Johnson formerly served as a Senior Analyst at the Heritage Foundation and as a State Department officer working at the bureaus of Inter-American Affairs and Public Affairs. As an analyst at the Heritage Foundation, Johnson analyzed counternarcotics and counterterrorism policy in the Western Hemisphere, as well as public diplomacy issues. At the State Department Johnson served as a writer and researcher, later as director of the Central America Working Group, and as the chief of the Editorial Division in the Bureau of Public Affairs. A former Air Force officer, he piloted tanker aircraft and also served as Assistant Air Force Attaché in Honduras. Later, as a member of the Air Force Reserve, he served as a public affairs officer and strategic planner in the Office of Public Affairs for the Secretary of the Air Force and was also a public affairs officer for the U.S. Southern Command. Johnson, who has lived in El Salvador, Honduras and Uruguay, earned a bachelor’s degree in communications from the University of Wyoming and a master’s degree in international relations from Georgetown University. Johnson has observed elections in Guatemala, Mexico, and Nicaragua. He has spoken before the Council of the Americas and at numerous conferences in the United States and in Latin America. He has contributed columns to the Wall Street Journal, Miami Herald, National Review Online, Washington Times, Long Island Newsday, Diario Las Américas, El Comercio (Peru), and Venezuela Analítica. His broadcast appearances include CNN, Fox News, National Public Radio, BBC, RCN-TV (Colombia), CBN, WorldNet TV, and the Voice of America. Johnson now resides in Silver Spring, Md., with his wife and two sons.

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Prof. Hal P. Klepak
Royal Military College of Canada

Department of History
Kingston, Ontario
K7K 7B4, Canada

Hal Klepak is professor of Latin American History and Strategic Studies at the Royal Military College of Canada. In addition he is an advisor to the Departments of Foreign Affairs and National Defence of Canada for Inter-American Security Affairs. Previously Klepak has taught at the Collège militaire royal de Saint-Jean, Queen´s University, l'Université de Montréal, and Oxford. He has published extensively on Latin American military and diplomatic history, Latin American security, Canadian foreign and defense policy, conventional strategy and the Middle East. Klepak's latest book is entitled Cuba's Military 1990-2005: Revolutionary Soldiers in Counter-revolutionary Times (Palgrave/Macmillan 2005). He is also the author of Canada and Latin American Security (Meridien 1993) and Natural Allies?: Canadian and Mexican Perspectives on International Security (Carleton University Press 1996).

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Frank Mora
Department of Defense

2500 Defense Pentagon
Room 5D435
Washington, DC 20301

Frank O. Mora is the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Western Hemisphere Affairs. Previously, he served as Professor of National Security Strategy at the National War College, where he taught courses on strategy, global security, and Latin American and Caribbean defense and security issues. Mora has published over two dozen academic journal articles and book chapters on civil-military relations in Latin America, U.S.-Latin American Relations, drug trafficking, Paraguayan foreign policy, hemispheric security, Latin American political economy, and Cuban politics and military. Among other publications, he is the co-editor of Latin American and Caribbean Foreign Policy (Rowman and Littlefield 2003) and Neighborly Adversaries: Readings in U.S.-Latin American Relations (Rowman and Littlefield 1999). Mora served as guest editor and contributor to a special issue of Problems of Post-Communism titled "Cuba: Between Retrenchment and Change” (November-December 2001). During 2002-2003 Mora was Visiting Professor of International Studies and Research Associate at the University of Miami’s Institute for Cuban and Cuban-American Studies. He is a contributing editor for the Handbook of Latin American Studies and the Library of Congress, and has worked as a consultant for the U.S. Department of the Air Force, Department of the Army, Central Intelligence Agency, Institute for National Security Studies (INSS) of the National Defense University, and the Office of the Secretary of Defense.

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Dr. Michael Strauss
Centre d'Estides Diplomatiques et Strategiques


Michael J. Strauss, a specialist in the Guantanamo Bay leasing arrangement, teaches geopolitics at the Centre d'Etudes Diplomatiques et Stratégiques in Paris. A U.S. native, he entered academia after many years as an international journalist and served as bureau chief for Agence France-Presse's AFX News in Paris, Knight-Ridder Financial News in Houston and Madrid, and Dow Jones News Service in Geneva. He holds a Ph.D. in international relations and diplomacy from the Centre d'Etudes Diplomatiques et Stratégiques; an M.S. in journalism from Columbia University, where he was an International Fellow in the School of International Affairs; and a B.A. in journalism from the University of Minnesota.

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