Cuba's Economic Reforms

Summary:

Relevant Facts:Nuevos Lineamientos
  • First draft written and approved in November 2010
  • Sixth Communist Party Congress convened in April 2011 to discuss and debate the Lineamientos.
  • Second draft written and approved in May 2011
  • 2/3 of the linemaientos were modified, integrated or eliminated in the second draft, and 36 new lineamientos were added.
  • Majority of new lineamientos were in the Macro Economics and the Agricultural Industry sections.
  • Total lineamientos in Draft I: 291
  • Total lineamientos in Draft II: 311
General Themes of the Lineamientos:
  • Increase unproductive land by 50%
  • Regain lost capital available to industry
  • Cut excessively high payrolls and restructure payroll and employment policies
  • Raise labor productivity with a combination of harsher discipline and more salary bonuses.
  • Increase exports in a wider array of products.
  • Reduce dependence on imports.
Various Initiatives:
I. Economic Management Model
  • 1: The socialist planning system will remain as the dominant strategy in Cuba.
  • 9: The creation of supply markets selling at wholesale prices, without subsidies for cooperatives, lessors, farmers and self-employed workers.
  • 22: The number of employees will be determined by the private enterprise.
II. Macroeconomic Policies
  • 56: Change taxation system in favor of a more progressive structure.
  • 62: The central authority will remain in control of price levels and structure.
VI. Social Policy
  • 162: The rations book will no longer be used as the method of distribution.
VII. Agricultural Policies
  • 172: Modify the production system to allow a more streamlined and efficient collection process.
  • 183: Develop a training program to provide education in the fields of vetinary, industrial technology, economics, administration and others.
X. Transport Policy
  • 286: Allow the sales of privately owned automobiles between individuals.
XI. Construction, Housing and Hydraulic Resource Policy
  • Allow the sales of private homes between individuals.
December 2014
Date Title
12/16/14 Building the new Cuban economy
Mimi Whitfield, Miami Herald
12/15/14 Much unfinished work remains as Cuba reforms its economy
Mimi Whitfield, Miami Herald
12/15/14 Cuba’s Economy at a Crossroads
Editorial Board, The New York Times
12/5/14 Internet in Cuba only for the rich -- or resourceful
Alexandre Grosbois, AFP
November 2014
Date Title
11/18/14 Why Entrepreneurship Matters in Cuba
Susan Segal, Americas Quarterly
11/14/14 Yearning for a challenge, two top chefs plan restaurant in Cuba
Noe Torres, Reuters
11/12/14 The new realities of running a business in Cuba
Jonathan Wolfe, Cristian Science Monitor
11/4/14 Cuba seeks over $8 billion in foreign investment
Michael Weissenstein and Andrea Rodriguez, AP
October 2014
Date Title
10/17/14 How Business Can Change Cuba
Tim Padgett, Businessweek
10/16/14 Rare Independent Group Aims to Open Debate in Cuba
Michael Weissenstein, AP