Experts listed in this section have no affiliation with the Cuba Study Group.

All Experts

Dr. Jaime Suchliki
University of Miami

Cuba Transition Project
P.O. Box 248174
Coral Gables, FL 33124


Director of the Institute for Cuban and Cuban American Studies and Emilio Bacardi Moreau Professor of History and International Studies at the University of Miami, Jaime Suchlicki specializes in Latin American affairs with an emphasis on Cuba, Mexico, and U.S. relations with the region. He is the director of the Cuba Transition Project, a pioneer academic program funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development which examines the complex issues surrounding Cuba’s future transition. Over the past twenty-five years, Suchlicki has served as a consultant to various government agencies on Latin American and Cuban topics. Suchlicki is the author of numerous publications on Cuba, including Cuba: From Columbus to Castro (Pergamon Brassey Press 2002, 5th ed), Historical Dictionary of Cuba (The Scarecrow Press 2002, 2nd ed), and Investing in Cuba: Problems and Prospects (Transaction 1994). He is the editor of The Cuban Military: Status and Outlooks (University of Miami 1989), Problems of Succession in Cuba (University of Miami 1986), and Cuba, Castro and Revolution (University of Miami 1972), and the co-editor of Cuban Communism (Transaction 2003, 11th ed), The Cuban Economy: Dependency and Development (University of Miami 1990), Cuban Foreign Policy: The New Internationalism (University of Miami 1988), and Cuba: Continuity and Change (University of Miami 1985). Suchlicki has published articles in numerous journals including Orbis, Latin American Research Review, Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs, and Caribbean Studies. The founding executive director of the University of Miami’s North-South Center, Suchlicki previously served as the editor of North-South Magazine and the Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs. Works by Suchlicki: “American Tourists Would Only Help Castro.” The Providence Journal (January 10, 2001). “Introduction” from published proceedings of Transition from Communism: Lessons Learned, Challenges Ahead for Cuba, conference sponsored by the Cuba Transition Project (November 2004).

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Prof. Eusebio Mujal-Leon
Georgetown University

681 Intercultural Center
37th and O Streets, NW
Washington, DC 20057


Associate Professor in the Department of Government at Georgetown University, Eusebio Mujal-León is a specialist in West European and Latin American politics. Most recently he has worked on Cuban politics and the prospects for democracy on the island. He is the author of Las ideas democráticas: Armas de la libertad (USAID 1998), The Cuban University Under the Revolution (University of Miami 1989), European Socialism and the Conflict in Central America (Praeger 1989), and Communism and Political Change in Spain (Indiana University Press 1983). He is the editor of The USSR and Latin America in the 1980s: A Developing Relationship (Unwin and Hyman 1989) and Spain at the Polls: The General Elections of 1977, 1979 and 1982 (Duke University Press 1985). Recently Mujal-León organized the conference “Recent Experiences in Military Extrication – Lessons for Cuba,” sponsored by the Arrabida Foundation of Lisbon. He is co-director of the International Institute on Government, Management, and Policy, whose mission is to develop public policy and other professional development courses in the Southern Cone. A member of the Council on Foreign Relations and a board member of the International Institute in Spain, Mujal-León was awarded the title of Caballero in the Order of Isabel la Católica in the name of King Juan Carlos I in 1990.

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Dr. Marifeli Perez-Stable
Inter-American Dialogue

1211 Connecticut Avenue, NW
Suite 510
Washington, DC 20036


Marifeli Perez-Stable is vice president for democratic governance at the Inter-American Dialogue. She is an editorial contributor for the Miami Herald; her column on Latin American topics appears every other Thursday. Her opinion pieces have appeared in El País (Spain), El Clarín (Argentina), Excelsior (Mexico), El Nuevo Herald, and The Nation. She is also an editorial contributor to the Real Instituto Elcano, a foreign-policy think tank in Madrid. In fall 2003, Pérez-Stable was a fellow at the University of Notre Dame's Kellogg Institute for International Relations. She is the author of The Cuban Revolution: Origins, Course, and Legacy (Oxford University Press, 1993; 2nd edition 1999); a Spanish-language edition was published by Editorial Colibrí (Madrid, 1998). Pérez-Stable chaired the Task Force on Memory, Truth, and Justice which issued the report, Cuban National Reconciliation, in April 2003. She is on leave of absence from Miami's Florida International University, where she is a professor in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology. Works by Perez-Stable: - “Cuba: El día después del velorio.” Real Instituto Elcano, January 2005. - “La despolarización necesaria.” El País, January 30, 2005. - “U.S. Policy Can’t Stay on Square One Forever.” The Miami Herald, June 23, 2005.

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Jorge Dominguez
Harvard University
1737 Cambridge Street
Rm N216
Cambridge, MA 02138

Jorge I. Domínguez is Director of the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs, Chairman of the Harvard Academy for International and Area Studies, and the Clarence Dillon Professor of International Affairs at Harvard University. An expert on the domestic and international politics of Latin American countries, Domínguez is the co-editor of The Cuban Economy at the Start of the Twenty-First Century (Harvard University David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies 2004) and Constructing Democratic Governance in Latin America (Johns Hopkins University Press 2003); the editor of The Future of Inter-American Relations (Routledge 2000) and International Security and Democracy: Latin America and the Caribbean in the Post-Cold War Era (University of Pittsburgh Press 1998); and the author of To Make a World Safe for Revolution: Cuba’s Foreign Policy (Harvard University Press 1989) and Cuba: Order and Revolution (Harvard University Press 1978), among other publications. Current research projects involve U.S.-Latin American relations, U.S.-Mexican relations, public opinion and elections in Mexico, the assessment of democracy in Latin America and the Caribbean, international relations in Latin America, and political transition in Cuba. A former president of the Latin American Studies Association and the Institute of Cuban Studies, Domínguez currently serves on the editorial boards of Cuban Studies, Latin American Research Review, and Political Science Quarterly, among other journals. He has published extensively on Cuba in dozens of scholarly journals and the international press. Works by Domínguez: “Cuba and the Pax Americana: U.S.-Cuban Relations Post-1990" in Between Compliance and Conflict: East Asia, Latin America, and the "New" Pax Americana, edited by Jorge I. Domínguez and Byung-Kook Kim. New York: Routledge, 2005: 193-217. "Cuba's Economic Transition: Successes, Deficiencies, and Challenges" in The Cuban Economy at the Start of the Twenty-First Century, edited by Jorge I. Domínguez, Omar Everleny Pérez Villanueva, and Lorena Barberia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2004: 17-47. A Constitution for Cuba's Political Transition: The Utility of Retaining (and Amending) the 1992 Constitution. Miami: Institute for Cuban and Cuban-American Studies (University of Miami), 2003. back to top
Mr. Orlando Gutierrez
Directorio Cubano

P.O. Box 110235
Hialeah, FL 33011


Orlando Gutierrez is the National Secretary of the Directorio Cubano a non-profit organization that works for democracy in Cuba by way of a civic, nonviolent struggle that includes: humanitarian and material support for pro-democracy organizations in cuba; exchange of information with the Cuban people and international solidarity with the pro-democracy movement in Cuba. Mr. Gutierrez has authored numerous works on Cuban and international politics. His most recent publications include the book, La República Invisible, which takes an inside look at the Cuban exile community from the perspective of a younger generation and proposes new strategies to produce change on the island, and "Cuba and the Terror Coalition," a report exploring the ties between the Castro regime and terrorist organizations. Former Directorio president and adjunct national secretary, Orlando has spoken on Cuba at academic, government, and non-profit institutions throughout the U.S. He has also traveled worldwide lecturing on the Cuban resistance and organizing international committees in solidarity with the movement. Born in Havana and raised in Miami, Orlando has worked both as a journalist and a teacher. Currently the Directorio's program coordinator, Orlando manages the daily operations of the organization.

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Mr. Joel Brito
Grupo por la Responsabilidad Social Corporativa en Cuba

8500 SW 8 Street # 266
Miami, FL 33144


Mr. Brito is the Executive Director of the Movimiento Sindical Independiente de Cuba (www.cubasindical.org). He is widely recognized as the leading expert on Cuban labor issues and has extensive experience both within and outside Cuba in advocating for the rights of Cuban workers. In addition, Mr. Brito is the Executive Director of the Grupo por la Responsabilidad Social Corporativa en Cuba, a group of 35 non-profit organizations from 7 countries advocating for the rights of Cuban workers (www.Cubasindical.org).

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Mr. Daniel Erikson
Inter-American Dialogue

1211 Connecticut Ave., NW
Suite #510
Washington, DC 20036


Daniel P. Erikson is Director of Caribbean Programs at the Inter-American Dialogue, the Washington-based policy forum on Western Hemisphere affairs. Erikson’s research focuses on the Cuban economy, the political and economic situation in Haiti, and the broader challenges facing U.S. foreign policy in the Americas. He manages a multi-year program on the Cuban economy and closely monitors political and economic developments on the island. Also an expert on Haiti, Erikson developed a series of high-level workshops to engage key U.S. and international policymakers in examining the political and economic challenges in that country. As co-director of the Dialogue’s U.S. Policy Task Force, he coordinated several initiatives designed to develop an improved framework for U.S. policy in the Western Hemisphere. In addition Erikson has provided advisory guidance in broader Latin American affairs to a diverse array of policymakers and organizations. The author of several studies and reports on Cuba and the Caribbean, Erikson is the co-editor of Transforming Socialist Economies: Lessons for Cuba and Beyond (Palgrave MacMillan 2005). He has published more than twenty articles on international affairs in publications including The Brown Journal of World Affairs, Encyclopedia Britannica’s Book of the Year, The Miami Herald, The National Interest, The Washington Post, and World Policy Journal. Erikson frequently speaks on radio and television and is often cited by the U.S. and international press. A former Fulbright scholar in Mexico, he holds a Master’s in Public Policy from Harvard University.

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Prof. Guillermo Grenier
Florida International University

Department of Sociology and Anthropology
University Park, DM 334
Miami, FL 33199


Professor of Sociology at Florida International University, Guillermo Grenier is an expert on Cuban American political and labor issues and interethnic relations in Miami. He is the co-author of The Legacy of Exile: Cubans in the United States (Allyn & Bacon 2003) and Employee Participation and Labor Law in the American Workplace (Quorum Books 1992), the co-editor of Miami Now: Immigration, Ethnicity and Social Change (University Press of Florida 1992) and Newcomers in the Workplace: Immigrants and the Restructuring of the US Economy (Temple University Press 1994), and the author of Inhuman Relations: Quality Circles and Anti-Unionism in American Industry (Temple University Press 1988). In addition he has contributed several essays on Cuban American political culture to edited collections. In collaboration with the Center for Labor Research and Studies, the Institute for Public Opinion Research, and the Cuban Research Institute at Florida International University, Grenier has conducted six FIU Cuba Polls since 1991. A detailed survey instrument, the Cuba Poll is specifically designed to measure the attitudes of the Cuban-American community towards U.S.-Cuba policy and how these attitudes have an impact on the South Florida area.

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Mr. Stephen Johnson

Stephen Johnson, served as Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Western Hemisphere Affairs. Mr. Johnson formerly served as a Senior Analyst at the Heritage Foundation and as a State Department officer working at the bureaus of Inter-American Affairs and Public Affairs. As an analyst at the Heritage Foundation, Johnson analyzed counternarcotics and counterterrorism policy in the Western Hemisphere, as well as public diplomacy issues. At the State Department Johnson served as a writer and researcher, later as director of the Central America Working Group, and as the chief of the Editorial Division in the Bureau of Public Affairs. A former Air Force officer, he piloted tanker aircraft and also served as Assistant Air Force Attaché in Honduras. Later, as a member of the Air Force Reserve, he served as a public affairs officer and strategic planner in the Office of Public Affairs for the Secretary of the Air Force and was also a public affairs officer for the U.S. Southern Command. Johnson, who has lived in El Salvador, Honduras and Uruguay, earned a bachelor’s degree in communications from the University of Wyoming and a master’s degree in international relations from Georgetown University. Johnson has observed elections in Guatemala, Mexico, and Nicaragua. He has spoken before the Council of the Americas and at numerous conferences in the United States and in Latin America. He has contributed columns to the Wall Street Journal, Miami Herald, National Review Online, Washington Times, Long Island Newsday, Diario Las Américas, El Comercio (Peru), and Venezuela Analítica. His broadcast appearances include CNN, Fox News, National Public Radio, BBC, RCN-TV (Colombia), CBN, WorldNet TV, and the Voice of America. Johnson now resides in Silver Spring, Md., with his wife and two sons.

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Mr. Ernesto Hernandez-Cata
Association for the Study of the Cuban Economy

P.O. Box 28267
Washington, DC 20038-8267


Mr. Hernandez-Cata is the President of the Association for the Study of the Cuban Economy, a non-profit organization in Washington, DC. The Association for the Study of the Cuban Economy (ASCE) is a non-profit, non-political organization incorporated in the state of Maryland. At the time of its founding, in 1990, its most important goals were to study the elements and processes involved in the expected transition of Cuba to a free-market economy and a democratic society, as well as to promote scholarship, research, and publications on economic studies by its members. This remains its basic charter, but ASCE also pursues the study of the Cuban economy in a broad sense, with particular emphasis on the financial, economic, social, legal and environmental aspects of Cuba as it is today and its process of transition.

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Carmelo Mesa-Lago
University of Pittsburgh

Department of Economics
Posvar 4529
Pittsburgh, PA 15260


Carmelo Mesa-Lago is Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Economics and Latin American Studies at the University of Pittsburgh. His major areas of expertise are the Cuban economy, economics of social security, and comparative economies in Latin America. Recognized as one of the pioneers and world "stars" of Cuban studies, Mesa-Lago founded the journal Cuban Studies, which he edited for two decades. He is the author of 73 books and 240 articles or book chapters, published in 8 languages in 33 countries, on Latin America's social security and health care, the Cuban economy, and comparative economic systems. His most recent books are Cuba’s Aborted Reform: Socioeconomic Effects, International Comparisons and Transition Policies (with J. Pérez-López, University Press of Florida 2005); Las Reformas de Pensiones en América Latina y su Impacto en los Principios de la Seguridad Social (CEPAL 2004); and Market, Socialist and Mixed Economies: Comparative Policy and Performance—Chile, Cuba and Costa Rica (Johns Hopkins 2000). Mesa-Lago has served as a consultant for various international organizations, including the International Social Security Association, the World Bank, the Inter-American Development Bank, the Inter-American Foundation, USAID, UNDP, the OAS, and the U.S. Department of State. A former president of the Latin American Studies Association, he has lectured in 36 countries, served as a visiting professor/scholar at prestigious universities and research institutions in 10 countries, and has received numerous research grants and awards. A member of the National Academy of Social Insurance, Mesa-Lago serves on the editorial board of the International Social Security Review and five other academic journals. Recently he was honored by the journal Encuentro de la cultura cubana for his life’s work on the Cuban economy (Volume 34-35, Fall-Winter 2004-2005).

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Frank Mora
Department of Defense

2500 Defense Pentagon
Room 5D435
Washington, DC 20301


Frank O. Mora is the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Western Hemisphere Affairs. Previously, he served as Professor of National Security Strategy at the National War College, where he taught courses on strategy, global security, and Latin American and Caribbean defense and security issues. Mora has published over two dozen academic journal articles and book chapters on civil-military relations in Latin America, U.S.-Latin American Relations, drug trafficking, Paraguayan foreign policy, hemispheric security, Latin American political economy, and Cuban politics and military. Among other publications, he is the co-editor of Latin American and Caribbean Foreign Policy (Rowman and Littlefield 2003) and Neighborly Adversaries: Readings in U.S.-Latin American Relations (Rowman and Littlefield 1999). Mora served as guest editor and contributor to a special issue of Problems of Post-Communism titled "Cuba: Between Retrenchment and Change” (November-December 2001). During 2002-2003 Mora was Visiting Professor of International Studies and Research Associate at the University of Miami’s Institute for Cuban and Cuban-American Studies. He is a contributing editor for the Handbook of Latin American Studies and the Library of Congress, and has worked as a consultant for the U.S. Department of the Air Force, Department of the Army, Central Intelligence Agency, Institute for National Security Studies (INSS) of the National Defense University, and the Office of the Secretary of Defense.

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Dr. Andy Gomez
University of Miami
244 Casa Bacardi
1531 Brescia Avenue
Coral Gables, FL 33146
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Prof. Gustavo Perez-Firmat
Columbia University
Casa Hispanica Room 402
612 W 116 Street Mail Code: 1301
New York, NY 10027-6902
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Mrs. Mercedes Sandoval
Miami-Dade College
Richter Library
1300 Memorial Drive
Coral Gables, FL 33146
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Prof. Edward Gonzalez
University of Califorinia at Los Angeles

UCLA Political Science Department
Box 951472, 4289 Bunche
Los Angeles, CA 90095-1472


Edward González is Professor Emeritus of Political Science at the University of California – Los Angeles and a consultant for the RAND corporation, a nonprofit research organization providing objective analysis of public policy issues. An expert on U.S. policy toward Cuba and Central America, González has worked on security-related issues concerning Cuba and the Caribbean Basin since 1969. He is the author of Cuba Under Castro: The Limits of Charisma (Houghton Mifflin 1974) and over forty academic articles and policy reports on Cuban-Soviet affairs and U.S. foreign policy towards Cuba and Central America. González has organized several RAND workshops on Cuba, including "Cuba: Security Dimensions in the New Millenium," a 2001 conference that examined the island’s military and security forces and their role in the present and future Cuban power structure. He is the author or co-author of several RAND reports on Cuba, including “Cuba After Castro: Legacies, Challenges, and Impediments” (2004), “Lessons from Other Communist Transitions: A Workshop Report” (1998), “Cuba, Clearing Perilous Waters?” (1996), “Cuba's Dismal Post-Castro Futures” (1996), “Storm Warnings for Cuba” (1994), and “Cuba Adrift in a Postcommmunist World” (1992).

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Ms. Anabella Rodriguez
Encuentro de la Cultura Cubana
Infanta Mercedes 43, 1-A
Madrid, Spain, 28020
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Mr. Enrico M. Santi
University of Kentucky
Department of Hispanic Studies
1103 Patterson Office Tower 0027
Lexington, KY 40506 back to top
Dr. Mark Falcoff
American Enterprise Institute

1150 17th Street, NW
Washington, DC 20036


Falcoff is a former professional staff member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and a senior consultant to the 1983 National Bipartisan Commission on Central America, chaired by Henry Kissinger. Through August 2004, he was the author of AEI's monthly Latin American Outlook.

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Dr. Susan K. Purcell
University of Miami
Room 317C Jenkins
5250 University Drive
Coral Gables, FL 33124
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Mr. Jorge Perez-Lopez
Fair Labor Association

1502 22nd Street, NW
Washingotn, DC 20037


Jorge F. Pérez-López is an international economist who has conducted research and written on many aspects of the Cuban economy, including national income accounting, energy issues, and foreign trade and investment. His most recent books are Reinventing the Cuban Sugar Agroindustry (with José Alvarez, Lexington Books 2005) and Cuba’s Aborted Reform: Socioeconomic Effects, International Comparisons and Transition Policies (with Carmelo Mesa-Lago, University Press of Florida 2005). Among other publications, Pérez-López is the co-author of Conquering Nature: The Environmental Legacy of Socialism in Cuba (University of Pittsburgh Press 2000; Spanish version: Conquistar la naturaleza: el legado ambiental del socialismo en Cuba, EDAMEX 2001) and the author of Cuba’s Second Economy: From Behind the Scenes to Center State (Transaction Publishers 1995), The Economics of Cuban Sugar (University of Pittsburgh Press 1991), and Measuring Cuban Economic Performance (University of Texas Press 1987). He is the editor of Cuba at a Crossroads: Politics and Economics After the Fourth Party Congress (University Press of Florida 1994) and the co-editor of Perspectives on Cuban Economic Reforms (Arizona State University’s Center for Latin American Studies Press 1998).

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Prof. Juan M. Del Aguila
Emory University

332 Tarbutton Hall
1555 Dickey Drive
Atlanta, GA 30322


Juan M. del Aguila is an Associate Professor of Political Science at Emory University in Atlanta. A specialist in comparative politics, del Aguila focuses his research on Latin American and Cuban politics and government. Current interests include the role of Cuban elites and dissident organizations in a future transition from communist rule. He is the author of Cuba, Dilemmas of a Revolution (Westview Press 1994, 3rd ed). Chapters by del Aguila appear in numerous collections, including Latin American Politics and Development (Westview 2006, 6th ed), Cuban Communism (Transaction Publishers 1998), Conflict and Change in Cuba (University of New Mexico Press 1993), and The Cuban Military Under Castro (University of Miami 1989). His articles appear in such journals as Cuban Studies, Current History, Emory Law Journal, Global Affairs, and the Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs. Previously del Aguila served as Director of the Emory Center for International Studies, a contributing editor of the Handbook of Latin American Studies, and a member of the advisory board of Cuban Studies. He received his Ph.D. in Political Science from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

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Prof. Max Azicri
Edinboro University

146 Hendricks Hall
Department of Political Science
Edinboro, PA 16444


Max Azicri is Professor of Political Science at Edinboro University in Pennsylvania. An expert on Cuban politics, society, culture, and international relations, he is the author of Cuba: Politics, Economics, and Society (Pinter Publishers 1988) and Cuba Today and Tomorrow: Reinventing Socialism (University Press of Florida 2000), winner of the 2001 Choice Outstanding Academic Book. Most recently, Azicri is the co-editor of Cuban Socialism in a New Century: Adversity, Survival, and Renewal, a collection of essays by international social science experts which examine the island’s main challenges at the dawn of the 21st century (University Press of Florida 2004). Chapters by Azicri have appeared in Cuba in Transition: Transformation and Struggle (Westview 1992), Transformation and Struggle--Cuba Faces the 1990s (Praeger 1990), and Cuba: Twenty-Five Years of Revolution (1959-1984) (Praeger 1985).

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Prof. Velia Cecilia Bobes Leon
Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales

Camino al Ajusco 377
CP 14200
Mexico, DF


Velia Cecilia Bobes León is Professor and Coordinator of the Master and Doctoral Degrees in Social Sciences at the Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales (FLACSO) in Mexico City. An expert on Cuban civil society, she is the co-editor of La transición invisible: Sociedad y cambio político en Cuba (Oceáno Press 2004) and the author of Los laberintos de la imaginación: repertorio simbólico, identidades y actores del cambio social en Cuba (El Colegio de México 2000). Chapters by Bobes appear in Changes in Cuban Society since the Nineties (Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars 2005), Cuba: sociedad, cultura y política en tiempos de globalización (Centro Editorial Javeriano 2003), and Votar en la distancia: la extensión de los derechos políticos a migrantes. Experiencias comparadas (Instituto Mora 2003). Bobes is co-director of “Governance and Social Justice in Cuba: Past, Present, and Future,” an international academic initiative co-sponsored by FLACSO-México, the Canadian Foundation for the Americas (FOCAL), and the Cuban Research Institute (CRI) at Florida International University (FIU). A three-year initiative funded by the Ford Foundation, the project aims to create a multinational network of scholars from the United States, Canada, Europe, Mexico, Cuba, and several other Latin American countries to analyze issues of governance and social justice in Cuba. Works by Bobes: “Citizenship and Rights in Cuba: Evolution and Current Situation” in Changes in Cuban Society since the Nineties, edited by Joseph S. Tulchin et al. Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, 2005. 61-80. La transición invisible: Sociedad y cambio político en Cuba. Co-edited by Velia Cecilia Bobes León and Rafael Rojas. México, D.F.: Editorial Oceano de México, 2004. Los laberintos de la imaginación: repertorio simbólico, identidades y actores del cambio social en Cuba. México, D.F.: El Colegio de México, 2000.

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Prof. Javier Corrales
Amherst College

Department of Political Science
Amherst, MA 01002


Javier Corrales is an associate professor of political science at Amherst College in Amherst, Massachusetts whose areas of interests include the politics of economic policy reform in developing countries. He obtained his Ph.D. in political science in 1996 from Harvard University, and was a 2005 Fulbright Scholar in Caracas, Venezuela, where he taught at the Institute of Higher Studies in Administration (IESA). Corrales is the author of Presidents Without Parties: The Politics of Economic Reform in Argentina and Venezuela in the 1990s (Penn State Press 2002). He has taught and conducted field research throughout Latin America, and his research has been published in several book chapters and academic journals such as Comparative Politics, World Development, Political Science Quarterly, International Studies Quarterly, World Policy Journal, Latin American Politics and Society, Latin American Research Review, Studies in Comparative International Studies, and Current History. Corrales was a member of the Executive Board of the New England Council of Latin American Studies (NECLAS), and one of the youngest scholars to be selected as a Fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington, D.C. He has served as a consultant for the World Bank, the United Nations, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Works by Corrales: “Cuba After Fidel.” Current History vol 104 (February 2005): 69-76. “The Gatekeeper State: Limited Economic Reforms and Regime Survival in Cuba, 1989-2002.” Latin American Research Review vol 39, no 2 (June 2004): 35-65.

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Prof. Margaret Crahan
Hunter College

695 Park Avenue
Wes Building, Room 1512
New York, NY 10021


Margaret Crahan is the Dorothy Epstein Professor of History at Hunter College in New York. An expert on Latin American history, religion and politics, Crahan has published extensively on Catholicism and human rights in Latin America. Among other publications, she is the editor of Religion, Culture, and Society: The Case of Cuba (Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars 2003); the co-editor of Wars on Terror and Iraq: Human Rights, Unilateralism, and U.S. Foreign Policy (Routledge 2004) and The City and the World: New York's Global Future (Council on Foreign Relations 1997); and the author of Religion and Revolution: Cuba and Nicaragua (Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars 1987). Currently Crahan is working on several manuscripts, including Religion and Civil Society in Cuba. She has published chapters on religion in Cuba in numerous books, including Religious Freedom and Evangelization in Latin America: The Challenge of Religious Pluralism (Orbis 1999). Crahan is a member of the executive committee of the board of trustees of the Interamerican Institute of Human Rights and of the editorial board of Human Rights Quarterly.

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Alejandro M. de la Fuente
University of Pittsburgh

Department of History
3P01 WWPH
Pittsburgh, 15260


Associate Professor of History at the University of Pittsburgh, Alejandro M. de la Fuente focuses on Latin American and Caribbean history and comparative slavery and race relations. An expert on race relations in Cuba, de la Fuente is the author of A Nation for All: Race, Inequality, and Politics in Twentieth-Century Cuba (University of North Carolina Press, 2001), winner of the 2003 prize for “best book in Latin American history” sponsored by the Latin American and Caribbean Section of the Southern Historical Association. He has written extensively on the history of sugar and slavery in colonial Cuba, on the ideology of racial democracy, and on racial discrimination in contemporary Cuba. De la Fuente has published numerous book chapters and articles in such journals as Law and History Review, Latin American Research Review, NACLA, Latin American Perspectives, Encuentro de la Cultura Cubana, Revista de Indias, Revista de Historia Económica, Estudos Afro-Asiáticos, and La Gaceta de Cuba. Currently he serves on the editorial board of Cuban Studies and on the international advisory board for Latin American & Caribbean Ethnic Studies. De la Fuente has organized several conferences and seminars on Cuban race relations, including “Race and Ideology in Cuba” sponsored by the Institute for Cuban Studies in 1999, and “Race, Citizenship and Nationality in Cuba,” a seminar in Cuba attended by academics from Cuba and the United States. He has been the recipient of grants and fellowships from the Rockefeller Foundation, the Harry Frank Guggenheim Foundation, the Social Science Research Council, the United States Institute of Peace, the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, the National Endowment for the Humanities, and the National Science Foundation. Works by de la Fuente: “Myths of Racial Democracy: Cuba, 1900-1912.” Latin American Research Review vol 34, no 3 (Fall 1999): 39-73. (Spanish translation: “Mitos de ‘democracia racial’: Cuba, 1900-1912” in Espacios, silencios y los sentidos de la libertad, edited by Fernando Martínez, Rebecca J. Scott, and Orlando García. Havana: Unión, 2001: 235-69.)

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Sergio Diaz-Briquets
Casals & Associates

1199 North Fairfax Street
3rd Floor
Alexandria, VA 22314


Sergio Díaz-Briquets is Senior Vice President of Casals & Associates, Inc. (C&A), a Washington, DC area consulting firm, and Executive Director of the Council for Human Development. At C&A, he is involved in US Agency for International Development (USAID)-funded projects - in transparency and anti-corruption and other thematic areas - in Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe, and Latin America. Previous institutional affiliations include the U.S. Congressional Commission for the Study of International Migration and Cooperative Economic Development, the Population Reference Bureau, and Canada’s International Development Research Centre (IDRC), as well as academic appointments. Díaz-Briquets’ overseas consulting assignments - for USAID, the World Bank, and other international development agencies - have taken him to dozens of countries around the world. Author or editor of more than ten books, and numerous academic and policy papers, in 2000 he published (with Jorge Pérez-López) Conquering Nature: The Environmental Legacy of Socialism in Cuba (University of Pittsburgh Press), winner of the 2002 Warren Dean Prize of the Conference of Latin American History of the American Historical Association for best book on environmental history of Latin America published in 2000 and 2001. In 2006, the University of Texas Press will release his Corruption in Cuba: Castro and Beyond, co-authored with Jorge Pérez-López. Other books published by Díaz-Briquets include (with Charles C. Cheney) Biomedical Globalization: The International Migration of Scientists (Transaction Publishers 2002), Cuban Internationalism in Sub-Saharan Africa (Duquesne University Press 1989), and The Health Revolution in Cuba (University of Texas Press 1983).

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Prof. Susan Eckstein
Boston University

96 Cummington Street
Department of Sociology
Boston, MA 02215


Susan Eckstein is Professor of Sociology at Boston University. A specialist in immigration, poverty, and other Third World issues, she currently focuses her research on Cuba and how transnational ties with Cuban-Americans are transforming the island economically, socially, and culturally. Also an expert on Mexico and Bolivia, Eckstein has published nearly seven dozen articles dealing with such topics as agrarian reform, comparative development, the effects of revolution, and suburban ethnicity in the US. Eckstein is the author of Back from the Future: Cuba under Castro (Princeton University Press 1994; Routledge 2003), The Poverty of Revolution: The State and Urban Poor in Mexico (Princeton University Press, 2nd ed 1988), and The Impact of Revolution: A Comparative Analysis of Mexico and Bolivia (SAGE 1976). She is the editor of Power and Popular Protest: Latin American Social Movements (University of California Press, 2nd ed 2001) and the co-editor of Struggles for Social Rights in Latin America (Routledge 2003) and What Justice? Whose Justice: Fighting for Fairness in Latin America (University of California Press 2003). A former president of the Latin American Studies Association and the New England Council on Latin America, Eckstein has served on the editorial boards of about a dozen presses and journals. She has received grants and fellowships from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, the Social Science Research Council, the Ford Foundation, the Tinker Foundation, the Radcliffe Institute, the American Council of Learned Societies, the Institute for World Order, and the Rockefeller Foundation.

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Prof. H. Michael Erisman
Indiana State University

Department of Political Science
Terre Haute, IN 47809


H. Michael Erisman is Professor of Political Science at Indiana State University in Terre Haute, Indiana. His main fields of interest are U.S. policies toward Latin America, political economy in the Caribbean Basin, and Cuban foreign affairs. Current research interests include projects dealing with Cuban-Venezuelan relations and the dynamics of the Cuban foreign policy-making process. Erisman is the author of Cuba’s Foreign Relations in a Post-Soviet World (University Press of Florida 2000), Pursuing Postdependency Politics: South-South Relations in the Caribbean (Lynne Rienner 1992), and Cuba’s International Relations: The Anatomy of a Nationalistic Foreign Policy (Westview 1985). He is the editor of The Caribbean Challenge: U.S. Policy in a Volatile Region (Westview 1984) and the co-editor of Redefining Cuban Foreign Policy: The Impact of the Special Period (University Press of Florida, forthcoming), Cuban Foreign Policy Confronts a New International Order (Lynne Rienner 1991), and Colossus Challenged: The Struggle for Caribbean Influence (Westview 1982). Erisman has written numerous journal articles and book chapters on Caribbean international affairs in general and Cuban foreign policy in particular. He is a member of the editorial boards of Cuban Studies and the Journal of Latin American Society and Politics.

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Damian J. Fernandez
Florida International University

Cuban Research Institute
University Park, DM 363
Miami, FL 33199


Damián J. Fernández is Director of the Cuban Research Institute, Director of University Long Range Planning, and Professor of International Relations at Florida International University. His research interests include Cuban politics; informality, emotions, and the politics of civil society; Latin America's international relations; and Hispanics and U.S. foreign policy. He is the author of Cuba and the Politics of Passion (University of Texas Press 2000) and Cuba’s Foreign Policy in the Middle East (Westview 1988); the co-editor of Cuba, the Elusive Nation: Reinterpretations of National Identity (University Press of Florida 2000); and the editor of Cuban Studies Since the Revolution (University Press of Florida 1992) and Cuba Transnational (University Press of Florida 2005). His articles have appeared in The Harvard International Review, Foro Internacional, The Georgetown Journal of International Affairs, Latin American Research Review, Problems of Post-Communism, Encuentro, and Quorum. Fernández recently received a National Science Foundation grant to study the transition that is occurring in East Little Havana as Cubans are replaced by Central American immigrants, and as affluent Cuban-Americans begin a process of gentrification. As director of the Cuban Research Institute since 2003, he has developed several public outreach and international academic initiatives, including “Governance and Social Justice in Cuba” in association with the Canadian Foundation of the Americas (FOCAL) and the Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales (FLACSO) in Mexico City. A three-year initiative funded by the Ford Foundation, the project aims to create a multinational network of scholars from the United States, Canada, Europe, Mexico, Cuba, and several other Latin American countries to analyze issues of governance and social justice in Cuba.

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Prof. Ted Henken
Baruch College, CUNY

55 Lexington Avenue
Room 4-284
New York, NY 10010


Ted Henken is Assistant Professor of Sociology & Black and Hispanic Studies at Baruch College, CUNY, where he teaches introductory courses in Sociology and Latin American Studies, and upper level courses on Race and Ethnic Relations, U.S.-Latin American relations, Latin American Immigration to the United States, and in Cuban Studies. He earned his Ph.D. (2002) from Tulane University’s Stone Center for Latin American Studies (New Orleans), where he concentrated in the disciplines of Sociology, History, and Political Science. His doctoral dissertation, “Condemned to Informality: Cuba’s Experiments with Self-employment during the Special Period” describes the recent growth of Cuba’s underground economy and the emergence of semi-legal, private, micro-enterprises on the island since 1993. Henken has traveled to Cuba numerous times since 1997 in order to conduct research and attend academic conferences. During the spring of 2001, he worked in Cuba for Tulane University’s Cuban Studies Institute as the in-country liaison and program coordinator. He has been a consultant on Cuba for the U.S. Department of State and has lectured widely on contemporary Cuban issues. Henken’s current research deals with different manifestations of the changing nature of work, across national borders and outside state regulations. Apart from continuing his work on Cuba’s underground economy, he is undertaking a transnational study of the immigrant networks among the growing, yet understudied Mexican communities in the U.S. South. His future research plans include comparative research among the newly arrived Mexican and the more established Cuban immigrant communities in the New York metropolitan area.

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Julia E. Sweig
Council on Foreign Relations

1779 Massachusetts Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20036


Julia E. Sweig is the Nelson and David Rockefeller Senior Fellow for Latin America Studies and Director of Latin America Studies at the Council on Foreign Relations, a nonpartisan organization that provides information and analysis regarding international policymaking issues. Sweig is the author of numerous scholarly articles and opinion pieces on Cuba, Latin America and American foreign policy. In 2004 Sweig's Inside the Cuban Revolution: Fidel Castro and the Urban Underground (Harvard University Press 2002) received the American Historical Association's Herbert Feis Award for best book of the year by an independent scholar. During her stewardship of the Council’s Cuba program, Sweig directed two Council-sponsored independent task forces setting forth new directions for U.S. policy toward Cuba: the Roundtable on Cuba and U.S.-Cuba Relations and the Independent Task Force on U.S.-Cuban Relations in the 21st Century. Held in Washington D.C. between 1999 and 2001, sessions of the Roundtable addressed a range of policy issues such as the resolution of outstanding property claims, bilateral and regional security interests, and the integration of Cuba into the international financial system. In 1999 and 2001, the Independent Task Force released reports on U.S.-Cuban relations designed to promote a bipartisan consensus for a new U.S policy toward Cuba (see below). Sweig is currently directing a new project at the Council on the global phenomenon of anti-Americanism, which will result in the forthcoming book, Friendly Fire: Anti-Americanism Gone Global and What to Do About It (PublicAffairs 2006). In addition to her duties at the Council, she is a consultant for the Aspen Institute, a member of the Board of Directors of Foreign Affairs en Español, and a lecturer at Johns Hopkins University.

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Prof. Hal P. Klepak
Royal Military College of Canada

Department of History
Kingston, Ontario
K7K 7B4, Canada


Hal Klepak is professor of Latin American History and Strategic Studies at the Royal Military College of Canada. In addition he is an advisor to the Departments of Foreign Affairs and National Defence of Canada for Inter-American Security Affairs. Previously Klepak has taught at the Collège militaire royal de Saint-Jean, Queen´s University, l'Université de Montréal, and Oxford. He has published extensively on Latin American military and diplomatic history, Latin American security, Canadian foreign and defense policy, conventional strategy and the Middle East. Klepak's latest book is entitled Cuba's Military 1990-2005: Revolutionary Soldiers in Counter-revolutionary Times (Palgrave/Macmillan 2005). He is also the author of Canada and Latin American Security (Meridien 1993) and Natural Allies?: Canadian and Mexican Perspectives on International Security (Carleton University Press 1996).

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William M. LeoGrande
American University

Ward Circle Building
4400 Massachusetts Ave., NW
Washington, DC 20016


Dean of American University’s School of Public Affairs, William M. LeoGrande is a specialist in Latin American politics and U.S. foreign policy toward Latin America, with a particular emphasis on Central America and Cuba. He is the author of Our Own Backyard: The United States in Central America, 1977 – 1993 (University of North Carolina Press 1998) and the co-editor of Political Parties in Central America (Westview 1992), The Cuba Reader: The Making of a Revolutionary Society (Grove Press 1988), and Confronting Revolution: Security Through Diplomacy in Central America (Pantheon Books 1986). Previously LeoGrande served on the staffs of the Democratic Policy Committee of the United States Senate, and the Democratic Caucus Task Force on Central America of the United States House of Representatives. A frequent adviser to government and private sector agencies, he has been a Council on Foreign Relations International Affairs Fellow and a Pew Faculty Fellow in International Affairs. His articles have appeared in Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, American Political Science Review, and the Latin American Research Review, among other journals.

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Prof. Sheryl L. Lutjens
Northern Arizona University

Department of Political Science
Box 15036
Flagstaff, AZ 86011


Sheryl L. Lutjens is Professor of Political Science and Director of Women’s Studies at Northern Arizona University in Flagstaff. An expert on comparative politics, public administration, political economy, and feminist theory, she is the author of The State, Bureaucracy, and the Cuban Schools: Power and Participation (Westview Press 1996) and the co-editor of Rereading Women in Latin America and the Caribbean: The Political Economy of Gender (Rowman & Littlefield 2002) and Cuba, 1953-1978: A Bibliographic Guide to the Literature (Kraus International Publications 1986). Works by Lutjens: Cuba, 1953-1978: A Bibliographic Guide to the Literature. White Plains, NY: Kraus International Publications, 1986. The State, Bureaucracy, and the Cuban Schools: Power and Participation. Boulder: Westview Press, 1996.

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Prof. Anthony P. Maingot
Florida International University

Department of Sociology
6891 SW 17th Street
Plantation, FL 33317


Professor Emeritus of Sociology at Florida International University, Anthony P. Maingot is a widely recognized authority on social issues in the Caribbean. A native of Trinidad, he has published numerous book chapters and journal articles placing Cuba in the context of the Caribbean. He is the co-author of The United States and the Caribbean: Transforming Hegemony and Sovereignty (with Wilfredo Lozano, Routledge 2005) and the author of The United States and The Caribbean: Challenges of an Asymmetrical Relationship (Macmillan 1994; revised version published in Spanish by the Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico in 2005) and the forthcoming Historical Dictionary of U.S.-Caribbean Relations (Scarecrow Press 2006). Currently the associate editor of the Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture, Maingot is the former chairman of the Caribbean Studies Association, the founder and former editor of Hemisphere, and a former associate editor of Caribbean Review. Works by Maingot: "The Ideal and the Real in Cuban Political Culture: Identifying Preconditions for a Democratic Consolidation" in Cuba in Transition: New Challenges for U.S. Policy, edited by Jorge I. Domínguez and Sergio Díaz-Briquets. Miami: Cuban Research Institute, l993.

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Louis A. Perez Jr.
University of North Carolina

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Department of History
CB #3195, Hamilton Hall
Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3195


Louis A. Pérez Jr. is the J. Carlyle Sitterson Professor of History at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. He is the author of To Die in Cuba: Suicide and Society (University of North Carolina Press 2005), Cuba and the United States: Ties of Singular Intimacy (University of Georgia Press, 3rd edition 2003), Winds of Change: Hurricanes and the Transformation of Nineteenth-Century Cuba (University of North Carolina Press 2001), On Becoming Cuban: Identity, Nationality, and Culture (University of North Carolina Press 1999), The War of 1898: The United States and Cuba in History and Historiography (University of North Carolina Press 1998), Essays on Cuban History: Historiography and Research (University of Florida Press 1995), and Cuba: Between Reform and Revolution (Oxford University Press, 2nd edition 1995). He is the co-author of Tampa Cigar Workers (University of Florida Press 2002) and the co-editor of Los archivos de Cuba/The Archives of Cuba (University of Pittsburgh Press 2003). Pérez has published articles in numerous journals, including the Florida Historical Quarterly, Journal of American History, Journal of Latin American Studies, The American Historical Review, Orbis, Pacific Historical Review, and Michigan Quarterly. Topics of recent articles include Florida in the Cuban imagination, sources of U.S. policy toward Cuba, the moral sources of United States hegemony in Cuba, the historical roots of the Cuban separatist movement, and the quest for nationality in Cuba. Pérez is a member of the American Historical Association, the Latin American Studies Association, the Conference on Latin American History, the Association of Caribbean Historians, and the Association of Third World Studies. Works by Pérez: Cuba and the United States: Ties of Singular Intimacy. 3rd ed. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2003. Cuba: Between Reform and Revolution. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995. On Becoming Cuban: Identity, Nationality, and Culture. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1999.

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Philip Peters
Lexington Institute

1600 Wilson Boulevard #900
Arlington, VA 22209


Vice-President of the Lexington Institute, Philip Peters has traveled extensively in Cuba, conducting research on economic and political issues. The Lexington Institute is a nonprofit, nonpartisan public policy research organization based in Arlington, Virginia which provides readable, original field research on Cuba's economy, and analysis and commentary on developments in Cuba, U.S.-Cuba relations, and U.S. policy toward Cuba. Peters’ published studies cover Cuba’s sugar industry, macroeconomic policy, small business, foreign investment, information technology, historic preservation, and other topics (see www.lexingtoninstitute.org). An analyst of U.S. policy toward Cuba, Peters serves as an advisor to the bipartisan Cuba Working Group that formed in the House of Representatives in 2002. He has testified before Congress and has led numerous Congressional delegations to Cuba to meet officials, dissidents, clergy, foreign investors and diplomats, entrepreneurs, farmers, and other average Cubans. Peters has also served as a State Department appointee of Presidents Reagan and George H.W. Bush and as a senior aide in the House of Representatives. He holds bachelor and master degrees from Georgetown University.

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Alejandro Portes
Princeton University

Department of Sociology
Wallace Hall
Princeton, NJ 08544


Alejandro Portes is Howard Harrison and Gabrielle Snyder Beck Professor of Sociology and director of the Center for Migration and Development at Princeton University. He is the author of over 200 articles and chapters on national development, international migration, Latin American and Caribbean urbanization, and economic sociology. His books include City on the Edge – The Transformation of Miami (University of California Press 1993), co-authored with Alex Stepick and winner of the Robert Park Award for best book in urban sociology and the Anthony Leeds Award for best book in urban anthropology in 1995; and Immigrant America: A Portrait (California 1996), designated as a Centennial Publication by the University of California Press. Portes is currently researching the adaptation process of the immigrant second generation and the rise of transnational immigrant communities in the United States. His most recent books are Legacies: The Story of the Immigrant Second Generation and Ethnicities: Children of Immigrants in America (University of California Press 2001), both in collaboration with Rubén G. Rumbaut. Legacies is the winner of the 2002 Distinguished Scholarship Award from the American Sociological Association and of the 2002 W. I. Thomas and Florian Znaniecki Award for best book from the International Migration Section of ASA. His most recent articles on immigrant transnationalism have been published in the American Sociological Review (2002), American Journal of Sociology (2003) and the International Migration Review (2003). Works by Portes: “La máquina política cubano-estadounidense: reflexiones sobre sus orígenes y permanencia.” Foro Internacional vol 43 (July-September 2003): 608-626.

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Prof. Rafael Rojas
Centro de Investigacion y Docencia Economica

Carretera Mexico
Toluca 3655 Col. Lomas de Santa Fe
0120 Mexico, D.F.


Rafael Rojas is Professor and Researcher at the Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económica (CIDE) in Mexico. An expert on Latin American intellectual and political history, Rojas is the author of La política del adiós (Ediciones Universal 2003), Cuba mexicana. Historia de una anexión imposible (Secretaría de Relaciones Exteriores 2001); José Martí. La invención de Cuba (Colibrí 2000); Isla sin fin (Ediciones Universal 1999); and El arte de la espera. Notas al margen de la política cubana (Colibrí 1998). He is the co-editor of La transición invisible. Sociedad y cambio político en Cuba (Océano 2004); Antología del ensayo cubano del siglo XX (Fondo de Cultura Económica 2002); and El republicanismo en Hispanoamérica. Ensayos de historia intelectual y política (Fondo de Cultura Económica 2002). Rojas is co-director of the journal Encuentro de la cultura cubana and member of the editorial board of Istor:Revista de Historia Internacional. In 1999 he received the Primer Premio Matías Romero de Historia Diplomática for Cuba Mexicana. Historia de una anexión imposible. Works by Rojas: Cuba mexicana. Historia de una anexión imposible. Mexico: Secretaría de Relaciones Exteriores, 2001.

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Jorge A. Sanguinetty
DevTech Systems, Inc.

9350 S. Dixie Hwy, PH1
Miami, FL 33156


An expert on human capital strategies and the political economy of policy reform in developing and transitional economies, Jorge A. Sanguinetty is a former economic planner in Cuba with first-hand knowledge of centrally planned economies and how they can transition to more open, market-based systems. Born in Cuba in 1937, Sanguinetty worked as an economist in the tourist and sugar industries before emigrating to the United States in 1967 and obtaining a Ph.D. in economics at the City University of New York. One of the founding members of the Association for the Study of the Cuban Economy (ASCE), Sanguinetty is the author of Cuba: Realidad y Destino (Ediciones Universal 2005; English translation forthcoming). Many of Sanguinetty’s works on Cuba are available on www.cubafuturo.net. Sanguinetty is the president, CEO, and founder of DevTech Systems, Inc., a consulting firm which offers government agencies, multilateral institutions, and private-sector entities technical assistance in dealing with development issues such as institutional reform in market economies, the economics of justice administration and legal systems, and transition economics. Sanguinetty has published extensively on education reform in developing countries, especially in Latin America, and has worked on projects in more than twenty countries, including the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Honduras, Jordan, Russia, and South Africa.

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Paolo Spadoni
Tulane University

Caroline Richardson Bldg.
New Orleans, LA 70118


A political economist with a specialization in international relations, Paolo Spadoni focuses on Latin America’s political and business environments, primarily in Cuba, Costa Rica, and the Dominican Republic. He is an expert on Cuba’s economy, foreign investment, and relations with the United States, and has conducted extensive fieldwork on the island for the past five years. A 2005 graduate of the University of Florida, Spadoni recently defended his Ph.D. dissertation, “The Effectiveness of Economic Sanctions in the Context of Globalization and Transnational Linkages: The Case of Cuba.” Spadoni has published several articles in the Association for the Study of the Cuban Economy’s Cuba in Transition and Transnational Law and Contemporary Problems. Book chapters by Spadoni include “The U.S. Congress and the Cuban Embargo: Analysis of a Learning Process” in Empirical Explorations in Organizational Learning (SUNY Press, forthcoming). He has published numerous opinion pieces on Cuba in the South Florida Sun-Sentinel, Orlando Sentinel, The Gainesville Sun, Tampa Tribune, and The Washington Times.

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Laurence Whitehead
Nuffield College

OX1 1NF
United Kingdom, OX 00000


Laurence Whitehead is an Official Fellow in Politics and the Acting Warden at Nuffield College, Oxford. He served for thirteen years as co-editor of the Journal of Latin American Studies, and is currently the editor of “Oxford Studies in Democratization,” a book series by the Oxford University Press (OUP). Recent publications include Democratization: Theory and Experience (OUP 2002) and Latin America: A New Interpretation (ILAS/Palgrave 2005). Since first visiting Cuba in 1968, Whitehead has lectured on Cuban history and politics at the Oxford Latin American Centre. As Director of the Oxford Centre for Mexican Studies, he follows Cuban-Mexican relations closely, and has recently taken an interest in EU policies towards Cuba. Currently Whitehead is involved in a collaborative research project on Cuban exceptionalism, in association with the New School University in New York and the Institute for Latin American Studies at the University of Hamburg. Jointly with Bert Hoffmann of the Hamburg Institute, Whitehead is now editing a volume about rethinking Cuban exceptionalism.

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Prof. Jesus Mercader
Universidad Carlos III

Calle Madrid, 126-128
Madrid, Spain, 28903


Jesus Mercader is a Profesor of Labor Law and Social Security at Madrid's Universidad Carlos III. He is nationally-recognized expert in labor law, has served on numerous government advisory boards and has published many books on Labor Law. Most recently, Prof. Mercader publish "Reality of Labor in Cuba and the Social Responsability of Foriegn Investors in Cuba" (Tirant lo Blanch- May 2006), an thorough and objective analysis of the systematics violation of international labor treaties adopted by Cuba and Social Responsability of foreign investors in the island.

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Arturo Lopez-Levy
University of Denver

2201 South Gaylord Street
Denver, CO 80208


Levy, a PhD candidate at the Graduate School of International Studies (GSIS), did not always have such scholarly freedom in his native Cuba. “In a Communist System, there are severe restrictions to what you can say and what you cannot say,” says Levy. Consequently, when Levy expressed his opinion during the first Gulf War that Cuba should fight alongside the U.S. in order to entice its northern neighbor to lift the embargo against Cuba, he was punished. Levy’s course of study at the Havana School of International Relations was interrupted as he was relegated to a term of service in the Cuban army. After completing his term with the military, Levy completed his degree in Havana and then worked as a political analyst for the Cuban government, resigning from that post after a year. Though he had ambitions, at this point, to further his education in the U.S., the Cuban government retained Levy for seven years. Despite being accepted into the PhD program at Emory University in 1998, Levy could not get out of Cuba. “During that time, I did any work that I could to survive, and read every thing I could to prepare for the future” Levy says. Finally, Levy received permission to travel to Israel, and from there he came to the United States, earning his MA degree in International Affairs from Columbia University. He entered the PhD program in International Studies at GSIS two years later in 2003.

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Vicki Huddleston
Brookings Institution

1775 Massachusetts Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20036


Vicki Huddleston is a Visiting Fellow at Brookings Institution and a commentator for NBC Universal. She recently completed fifteen months as the acting American Ambassador in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. She has served as Ambassador to Mali and Madagascar, and Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Africa. She has had extensive experience with Cuba, having served as Chief of Mission at the United States Interests Section in Havana and as Director and Deputy Director of Cuban Affairs at the Department of State. In Ethiopia she advanced democracy by initiating a dialogue between the Government and opposition parties, and was instrumental in formulating American policy toward Ethiopia and Somalia. In Mali she advocated countering terrorist movements in the Sahara by helping isolated villagers build wells, schools and clinics. In Madagascar her environmental programs resulted in the establishment of Masuelo National Park. While Deputy Assistant Secretary she formulated policies that contributed to the peace settlement in Sierra Leone. As our chief diplomat in Havana she established an “Outreach” program that through engagement and contact help created the conditions for the “Cuban Spring” of 2002. While Deputy Chief of Mission in Haiti she acted as operational liaison during the 1994 deployment of U.S. and multinational forces. In the late 1980’s, as an American Political Science Association Congressional Fellow on the staff of Senator Jeff Bingaman, D-NM, she drafted the “Missile Technology Control Regime,” the principal legislation regulating the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. Prior to entering the diplomatic service Vicki worked for the American Institute for Free Labor Development in Peru and Brazil. She began her public career as a Peace Corps volunteer in Peru. Upon retiring Vicki spent a semester as a Fellow at the Institute of Politics of the Harvard Kennedy School of Government, where she organized a seminar on “Perceptions of U.S. Policy in Developing Countries”. She has been a featured speaker at Harvard’s Rockefeller and Kennedy Centers, the Commonwealth Club, and various World Affairs Councils. She has published opinion pieces and short stories on Somalia and Cuba. She has a M.A. degree from the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies and a B.A. from the University of Colorado, where she gave the first Distinguished Alumni plenary speech at its 57th World Affairs Conference. She has received the Department of State’s Distinguished Honor Award, the President’s Meritorious Service Award, and the Secretary’s Career Achievement Award.

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Sergio Bendixen
Bendixen and Associates

2800 Ponce de Leon Blvd.
Suite 1111
Coral Gables, FL 33134


Sergio Bendixen is recognized as the preeminent expert in Hispanic public opinion research in the United States and Latin America. Bendixen's proficiency originates from his unique ability to merge a diverse set of experiences in public opinion research, communications, politics, and public policy to strategically address the varied portfolio of his clients. With over 25 years of polling experience, Bendixen is undoubtedly an expert in public opinion research. He has mastered research methodologies and has implemented detailed techniques to formulate studies and polls that accurately gauge public opinion. Bendixen has provided primary research and advice for clients both on a national and international level and has directed hundreds of demographic and attitudinal survey projects for statewide and congressional political races, major corporations, and not-for-profit organizations.

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Ricardo Carreras
Solidaridad Española con Cuba
Avenida Goya 2, 4B
Zaragoza, 50006
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Dr. Stephen Wilkinson
London Metropolitan University

International Institute for the Study of Cuba
London Metropolitan University
London


Stephen Wilkinson first visited Cuba in 1986 and has been traveling to and writing about the island ever since. Now the IISC's assistant director, Stephen has a PhD on the subject of Cuban literature. He has written numerous articles on such questions as the history of US-Cuba relations, Cuban attitudes and policy towards homosexuals and the nature of the Cuban state. Among his other commitments, Stephen is a contributor to the Economist Intelligence Unit reports on Cuba and has consulted on a number of documentaries about the island, including the recent Channel 4 documentary "638 Ways to Kill Castro". Stephen's book: "Detective Fiction in Cuban Society and Culture" was published in 2006 by Peter Lang. He frequently comments on Cuba issues on The Guardian newspaper's Comment is Free website: http://commentisfree.guardian.co.uk/stephen_wilkinson/ Stephen is currently researching US Cuba Policy and the prospects for change after the next US presidential elections for an article to be published in the first edition of the International Journal of Cuban Studies. An article by Stephen on the social and economic effects of tourism in Cuba will be published shortly in the Third World Quarterly.

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Pedro A. Freyre
Akerman Senterfitt

Akerman Senterfitt
One S.E. 3rd Avenue, 23rd Floor
Miami, FL


Pedro A. Freyre was born in Havana, Cuba, on August 3, 1949. He came to the U.S. in October of 1960 together with his family. His father, Ernesto Freyre, was a leading Labor attorney in Cuba, representing major U.S. companies such as Hershey's Sugar Mill, Sears and Exxon. His brother, Ernesto Freyre, Jr. took park in the Bay of Pigs invasion and was captured by Cuban Military and imprisoned. The Senior Freyre was the Secretary of the Family Committee, which secured the aid of the U.S. Government and after a difficult and protracted negotiation process secured the release of all the prisoners in exchange for $62M worth of medicines. Pedro Freyre became involved in Cuba related matters in 1989 when he was a founding member of the Cuba Committee of the Greater Miami Chamber of Commerce, a committee which he has chaired or co-chaired since that time. The purpose of that committee is to monitor on-going political and economic developments in the island and brief the South Florida Business Community on current or future prospects for trade, commerce and investment with the island. Mr. Freyre was also chairman of Facts About Cuban Exiles, a non-partisan, anti-defamation organization based in Miami, whose mission is to promote and protect the good image of Cuban Americans. Mr. Freyre is a shareholder in the law firm of Akerman Senterfitt, and Co-Chairman of its Global Practice Group. Akerman Senterfitt is a leading Florida law firm with over 500 attorneys and consultants. In the course of his private practice, Mr. Freyre has focused significant time and attention to Cuba related matters, and in particular, with Cuban embargo regulations. He was written numerous Helms-Burton opinions for European entities considering investment in Cuba, and various memoranda in support of litigation in the European Union. Mr. Freyre has lectured extensively on the topic and has appeared in national TV shows such as "Good Morning America," "Nightline with Ted Koppel," and "The Paula Zahn Show." Mr. Freyre has also written articles on the subject of the Cuban embargo for The Miami Herald, and the Sun-Sentinel, and has been quoted several times in The Wall Street Journal and The New York Times. His article, Helms-Burton: The Dilemma of Hardwiring Policy, was published in the Trans National Law and Contemporary Problems Journal, in Vol. 14, No. 1, Spring 2004, the University of Iowa School of Law, as was another article he co-authored, "Cuban National Reconciliation: A Model for Healing the Cuban Nation" in Vol. 14, No. 2, Fall 2004 of the same publication.

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Jorge R. Piñon
University of Texas at Austin
Associate Director
Latin America and Caribbean Energy Program
Center for International Energy and Environmental Policy
Jackson School of Geosciences
The University of Texas at Austin
2275 Speedway  MC C9000
Austin, TX 78712-1722
512-232-4988 office
305-926-6910 cell
512-475-7117 fax

Jorge R. Piñón began his thirty year career in the energy sector when he joined Shell Oil Company.  He was president and CEO of Transworld Oil USA prior to joining Amoco Corporation in 1991 as president of Amoco Corporate Development Company Latin America.  In this position Mr. Piñon represented the business development and joint venture efforts in the region between Amoco Corporation and state oil companies.

In 1994 he was transferred to the downstream oil sector to serve as president of Amoco Oil de México and president of Amoco Oil Latin America, based in Mexico City.  After the 1999 merger between Amoco and BP, Mr. Piñon was transferred to Madrid, Spain, to manage BP Europe’s western Mediterranean petroleum supply and logistics operations.

In 1997, when vice-president and member of the board of directors of  the American Chamber of Commerce of Mexico -AMCHAM-, Mr. Piñon received the “Yiacatecutli” award for distinguished service in the promotion of U.S.-Mexico business relations. 

Mr. Piñon retired from BP in 2003 and is currently an international energy consultant, as well as an Associate Director at the Latin America and Caribbean Energy Program at the Center for International Energy and Environmental Policy at the Jackson School of Geosciences at the University of Texas at Austin. With international experience in emerging markets and a network of senior energy contacts in Latin America, he is an independent analyst of regional and global energy issues, as well as the politics of oil and natural gas in Latin America.   

He is also recognized as an expert on Cuba’s energy sector, as well as on the island’s future economic transition challenges and opportunities.  He is an advisor and a member of the Cuba task forces at The Brookings Institution and The Council of the Americas, and a member of the board of directors of the Association for the Study of the Cuban Economy -ASCE-.

Mr. Piñon is a frequent guest energy analyst on CNN En Español, CNN International, Bloomberg Financial News Services and other news organizations.  He holds degrees in International Economics and Latin American Studies from the University of Florida.

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Anke Birkenmaier
Indiana University

Department of Spanish and Portuguese
Indiana University
1020 E. Kirkwood Avenue
Bloomington, IN 47405-7103

Anke Birkenmaier is an Assistant Professor of Spanish at Indiana University, Bloomington. She is co-editor of Cuba: un siglo de literatura (2004) and the author of Alejo Carpentier y la cultura del surrealismo en América Latina (2006) (Premio Iberoamericano, LASA). Her anthology Havana Beyond the Ruins. Cultural Mappings after 1989 (Duke UP, 2011), co-edited with Esther Whitfield, presents a collection of essays by prominent architects, scholars, and writers based in and outside of Cuba, who analyze how Havana has been portrayed in literature, music, and the visual arts since 1989. Her special co-edited issue of the Americas Society’s Review: Literature and Art of the Americas on “Cuba Inside and Out” (May, 2011), offers critical essays on Cuban literature and media, as well as creative writing by contemporary Cuban authors.

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Dr. Sujatha Fernandes
City University of New York

Queens College
City University of New York
New York, NY


Sujatha Fernandes is Assistant Professor of Sociology at Queens College, City University of New York. She received her Ph.D. in Political Science from the University of Chicago. She is the author of various articles on Cuba, Venezuela, and Latin America, as well as a book, "Cuba Represent! Cuban Arts, State Power, and the Making of New Revolutionary Cultures" (Duke University Press, 2006). She is currently working on a new book about urban social movements in Chávez’s Venezuela, based on extended fieldwork and residence in the barrios of Caracas.

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Dr. Elise Andaya
State University of New York

Department of Anthropology
University at Albany (State University of New York)
Albany, NY


Funded by the Fulbright-Hays Doctoral Dissertation Grant and the Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research Dissertation Grant, Dr. Elise Andaya (Ph.D., New York University, Anthropology 2007) conducted 16 months of fieldwork (2004-2005) on changing ideologies of gender, kinship, and reproduction in Havana, Cuba, after Cuba's Special Period. As a cultural medical anthropologist, she brought her training in qualitative methodologies to bear on her exploration of the interaction between state reproductive health and familial policies, changes in the economy and in health/health care, and the reproductive decision-making of women and men. Her dissertation research resulted in her Ph.D. dissertation (2007), entitled "Reproducing the Revolution: Gender, Kinship, and the State in Contemporary Cuba". She is currently assistant professor in the Department of Anthropology at University at Albany (State University of New York).

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Dr. Katrin Hansing
Baruch College

One Bernard Baruch Way
P.O. Box B4-280
New York, NY 10010-5585


Katrin Hansing is Associate Professor in the Department of Black and Hispanic Studies at Baruch College in New York. Previously, she served as Associate Director of the Cuban Research Institute at Florida International University. As an anthropologist she has conducted research in Cuba and its diasporas (Miami, Southern Africa, Spain) for over 10 years. Her main areas of expertise include: race/ethnicity, religion, remittances, medical internationalism, youth, and civil society. Currently she is working on a project on conflict prevention/transformation. Dr. Hansing received her Ph.D. from the University of Oxford. She is the author of numerous articles and the book 'Rasta, Race, and Revolution: The Emergence and Development of the Rastafari Movement in Socialist Cuba' (2006). Apart from her academic pursuits, she has worked as a consultant for numerous think tanks and is currently completing a documentary film about Cuban African relations.

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George Plinio Montalván
Montalván & Associates, LLC

2804 36th Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20007


Mr. Montalván is an economist with 40 years of professional experience in Latin America, the Caribbean, and Africa. This experience includes: economic research and studies; project appraisals, mid-term evaluations, project completion reports, and ex-post (impact) evaluations; advisory services to government agencies at central, state/regional, and local levels; advisory services in development project design and implementation; and training activities focused on professional staff in all Latin American and Caribbean countries. He is the author of several publications and instruction materials. His professional associations include the Inter-American Statistical Institute (IASI) and the International Development Evaluation Association (IDEAS). Mr. Montalván is completely bilingual in English and Spanish, and has working knowledge of French and Portuguese.

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Maria Cristina Garcia
Cornell Univerisity

Ithaca, NY


Maria Cristina Garcia is Professor of History at Cornell University, where she teaches courses on immigration and refugee history, Borderlands history, U.S.-Cuba relations, Latinos in the United States, and 20th century U.S. history. She is also affiliated with the programs in American Studies, Latin American Studies, and Latino Studies. She is the author of "Havana USA: Cuban Exiles and Cuban Americans in South Florida, 1959-1994" (1996), and "Seeking Refuge: Central American Migration to Mexico, the United States, and Canada" (2006), as well as numerous articles and book chapters on immigration policy and Latin American immigrants in North America. She serves on the editorial boards of the Journal of American History and Cuban Studies/Estudios Cubanos. She also serves on several boards and committees of the Organization of American Historians (OAH) and the Immigration and Ethnic History Society. A former Fulbright scholar in the United Kingdom, García's most recent honors include the Kaplan Family Distinguished Faculty Fellowship at Cornell University. See also http://www.arts.cornell.edu/history/faculty-department-garcia.php. In addition to her book Havana USA, her other Cuba-related articles include: "Refugees or Economic Immigrants? The Politics of US Refugee Policy and Immigration from Latin America" in A Companion to Latino Studies. Juan Flores and Renato Rosaldo, eds. (Blackwell Press, 2007). “Exiles, Immigrants, and Transnationals: Cubans in the United States,” in The Columbia Anthology of Latino History. David G. Gutierrez, ed., Columbia University Press, 2004. “Cuban American Prose, 1975-2000” in Mario Valdés, ed., Latin American Literary History Oxford University Press, 2004. “Havana USA” in Latino/a Thought: Culture Politics, and Society. Francisco H. Vázquez and Rodolfo D. Torres, eds., Rowman and Littlefield, 2003. “Hardliners v.‘Dialogueros: Cuban exile political groups and U.S.-Cuba relations,” Journal of American Ethnic History 17( Summer 1998): 3-29. “Adapting to Exile: Cuban Women in the United States, 1959-1973,” Latino Studies Journal, 2 (Spring 1991): 17-33

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Dr. Michael Strauss
Centre d'Estides Diplomatiques et Strategiques

Paris


Michael J. Strauss, a specialist in the Guantanamo Bay leasing arrangement, teaches geopolitics at the Centre d'Etudes Diplomatiques et Stratégiques in Paris. A U.S. native, he entered academia after many years as an international journalist and served as bureau chief for Agence France-Presse's AFX News in Paris, Knight-Ridder Financial News in Houston and Madrid, and Dow Jones News Service in Geneva. He holds a Ph.D. in international relations and diplomacy from the Centre d'Etudes Diplomatiques et Stratégiques; an M.S. in journalism from Columbia University, where he was an International Fellow in the School of International Affairs; and a B.A. in journalism from the University of Minnesota.

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Richard Feinberg
The Brookings Institution
The Latin America Initiative
The Brookings Institution
202.797.6103

Richard Feinberg is professor of international political economy at the Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies, University of California, San Diego. Feinberg served as special assistant to President Clinton and senior director of the National Security Council’s Office of Inter-American Affairs. He has held positions on the State Department's policy planning staff and worked as an international economist in the U.S. Treasury Department's Office of International Affairs.

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